Legendarni tenk T-34, jedan od simbola pobede na fašizmom u Drugom svetskom ratu ni posle više od 70 godina ne prestaje da zaokuplja veliko interesovanje. Ovoga puta, povod je bila isporuka Rusiji 30 tenkova T-34-85 od strane Laosa.

Iako za to nema zvaničnih potvrda možemo da pretpostavimo da su oni kopnenim putem prebačeni iz Laos do luke u Vijetnamu. Tenkovi su dalje, kako je potvrđeno, teretnim brodom, koji je plovio više od 4,500 km, došli do luke u Vladivostoku, odakle su dalje železnicom prebačeni do mesta Naro-Fominsk blizu Moskve. Do isporuke T-34-85 dolazi u momentu kada su tenkovi T-72B1MS (Objekat 184-1MS), poznatiji još kao Beli orlovi, sredinom decembra počeli da pristižu u Laos. U prvoj tranši navodno je stiglo 10 tenkova.

Dogovor da se Rusiji vrati najbolji srednji tenk iz doba Drugog svetskog rata postignut je u januaru prošle godine kada je ministar odbrane Sergej Šojgu boravio u Laosu. Tada je ujedno finalizovan i rok isporuke prve tranše tenkova T-72B1MS. Vrlo je verovatno da je upravo jedan od ruskih uslova za prodaju T-72 bio vraćanje 30 primeraka T-34-85. Samim tim, možemo pretpostaviti da su na osnovu toga tenkovi T-72 prodati po jeftinijoj ceni, nego inače.

T-34-85 nakon pretovara na vagone i transporta ka Moskvi (foto: Andrej Kamadanov)

Rusija će T-34-85 iskoristiti za snimanje filmova baziranih na tematici Drugog svetskog rata. Takođe, širom gradova Rusije, oni će biti upotrebljeni za obeležavanje Dana pobede nad fašizmom 9. maja. Ostatak njih služiće kao muzejski eksponati. Dodatna vrednost ovih tenkova je ta što su dobro održavani za sve ove godine koliko su proveli u Laosu.

Ono što ostaje upitno, jeste poreklo T-34-85. Ekipa TV kanala Zvezda dobila je krajem prošle godine ekskluzivno pravo da u Laosu napravi reportažu o T-34-85. Oni se u toj zemlji i dalje aktivno koriste posle više od 70 godine. U toj reportaži pomenuto je da su ovi tenkovi proizvedeni 1944. godine nisu dobijali nikakav paket modernizacije, kao ni posebne ventilacione sisteme za tropske klimatske uslove. Navodno ih je SSSR Laosu isporučio 1987. godine.

Laos T-34-85 nabavio od Čehoslovačke?

Sa druge strane, pojedini eksperti tvrde da je Laos T-34 zapravo nabavio od Čehoslovačke, koja je 50-ih licencno proizvodila ove tenkove pod oznakom T-34-85CZ. Za Čehoslovačku je to bila prva licencna proizvodnja nekog srednjeg tenka. Po dizajnu gledano, ovi tenkovi razlikovaće se od sovjetskih T-34-85 na osnovu pojedinim detalja na kupoli i trupu.

Nakon što je poslednji tenk izašao iz sovjetske fabrike 1946. godine (do tada je proizvedeno oko 58 000 primeraka), u okviru stručnih kruga počelo je da se razmišlja o prodaji licence Čehoslovačkoj za T-34-85. Licencu je u novembru 1949. godine prodala fabrika iz Nižnjeg Tagila koja je razvila T-34-85.

Već u januaru 1950. počele su neophodne pripreme za serijsku proizvodnju. Tako su dojučerašnje fabrike koje su proizvodile lokomotive počele da sklapaju tenkove. Jedna od njih bila je ČKD Sokolov iz Praga, dok je druga bila SMZ Škoda iz Plzena, koja je snabdevala T-34 sa motorima V-2. Glavno naoružanje proizvodila takođe Škoda, ali iz Dubnice. Konačno, sam trup radio je Zavod J.V Stalin u slovačkom Martinu.

Čehoslovački tenk T-34-85 na filmu 60-ih godina

Prvi čehoslovački T-34-85 proizveden je 1. septembra 1951. godine. Već na samom početu su zabeleženi kvarovi na transmisijama i ostalim komponentama pa su tako daleko pouzdaniji bili tenkovi koje je Čehoslovačka nabavljala od SSSR sve do 1949. godine. Do prestanka serijske proizvodnje 1956. godine čehoslovačke fabrike ČKD Sokolov i Zavod J.V Stalin u Martinu proizvele su ukupno 2736 tenkova T-34-85.

Od tog broja Čehoslovačka je za svoje potrebe zadržala 1437 primeraka, dok je ostatak izvezen širom sveta. Najveći kupac bio je Egipat sa 820 tenkova, a njih 230 učestvovalo u bici za Suec. Drugi po veličini kupac bila je Sirija sa 120 tenkova. Još jedan veliki kupac bila je Kuba koja je nabavila 100 primeraka. Rumunija i Bugarska primile su oko 120 komada, dok je oko 30 primeraka poslato u Indiju, Irak i Jemen.

Sirijski tenk T-34-85 čehoslovačke proizvodnje uništen 1967. na Golanskoj visoravni

Iz svega iznetog, teško je u ovom momentu utvrditi da li su tenkovi koje je Laos poslao u Rusiju zaista čehoslovačke proizvodnje ili su oni, kako tvrdi TV kanal Zvezda, proizvedeni 1944. godine u SSSR.

Kategorije:Odbrana

Komentari

Povratak legendarnih tenkova T-34 iz Laosa u Rusiju

  1. Jugoslavija je tokom sedamdesetih nabavila 600 tenkova T34 iz Čehoslovačke, pored nešto više od 400 T34 koje je dobila ili kupila od Sovjeta do 1948.g. Kod nas je čehoslovački tenk označavan kao T34B

  2. I got this site from my friend who informed me regarding this site and at the
    moment this time I am visiting this web page and reading very informative content
    at this place.

  3. I absolutely love your blog and find the majority of your post’s to be
    exactly I’m looking for. can you offer guest
    writers to write content for yourself? I wouldn’t mind publishing a post or elaborating on a few of the subjects you write in relation to here.
    Again, awesome site!

  4. I’m really enjoying the theme/design of your weblog.
    Do you ever run into any internet browser compatibility issues?

    A few of my blog audience have complained about my website not operating correctly in Explorer but looks great in Firefox.

    Do you have any suggestions to help fix this issue?

  5. Hi there! I know this is somewhat off topic
    but I was wondering which blog platform
    are you using for this website? I’m getting tired of WordPress because I’ve had problems with hackers and I’m looking at alternatives for
    another platform. I would be awesome if you could point me in the direction of a good platform.

  6. Having read this I believed it was very enlightening.
    I appreciate you spending some time and effort to put this
    article together. I once again find myself spending a
    lot of time both reading and posting comments. But so what, it was still worthwhile!

  7. I know this if off topic but I’m looking into starting my own weblog and was curious what all is
    required to get set up? I’m assuming having a
    blog like yours would cost a pretty penny? I’m not very web smart so I’m not 100% certain. Any recommendations or advice would be greatly appreciated.
    Many thanks

  8. Hi! Do you know if they make any plugins to help with SEO?
    I’m trying to get my blog to rank for some targeted keywords but I’m not seeing very good gains.
    If you know of any please share. Appreciate it!

  9. I’m extremely impressed with your writing skills as well as with the layout on your weblog.

    Is this a paid theme or did you customize it yourself?
    Either way keep up the nice quality writing, it’s rare to see a
    nice blog like this one these days.

  10. Fantastic beat ! I would like to apprentice even as you amend your
    site, how could i subscribe for a blog web site? The account helped
    me a appropriate deal. I had been tiny bit familiar of this your broadcast provided bright transparent idea

  11. First off I would like to say wonderful blog! I had a quick question in which I’d like to ask if you don’t
    mind. I was interested to know how you center yourself and clear your mind before
    writing. I’ve had a difficult time clearing my mind in getting my ideas out.

    I truly do enjoy writing but it just seems like the first 10 to
    15 minutes are lost simply just trying to figure out
    how to begin. Any suggestions or tips? Appreciate it!

  12. Whoa! This blog looks exactly like my old one! It’s on a completely different topic
    but it has pretty much the same page layout and design. Superb choice of colors!

  13. You can definitely see your skills within the article you write.
    The arena hopes for more passionate writers like you who are not afraid to mention how they believe.
    Always follow your heart.

  14. I think everything said was very logical. However, what about this?
    suppose you were to create a killer headline?
    I ain’t saying your content is not solid., but suppose you added something
    that grabbed folk’s attention? I mean Povratak legendarnih tenkova T-34 iz Laosa u
    Rusiju | Global Defence is a little vanilla. You might glance
    at Yahoo’s front page and watch how they create article titles to get people to click.
    You might try adding a video or a picture or two to grab
    readers interested about what you’ve got to say. In my opinion, it might bring your blog a little livelier.

  15. Everything published was actually very reasonable. However, consider this, what if you were to create
    a killer post title? I ain’t saying your information is not solid, but suppose you added something to maybe grab folk’s
    attention? I mean Povratak legendarnih tenkova T-34 iz Laosa u Rusiju | Global Defence is kinda boring.
    You ought to glance at Yahoo’s home page and note how they create news titles
    to grab viewers to open the links. You might add
    a related video or a related picture or two to get
    readers excited about what you’ve got to say. Just my
    opinion, it would bring your blog a little bit more
    interesting.

  16. Hmm it looks like your website ate my first comment (it was extremely long) so I guess I’ll just sum it up what
    I wrote and say, I’m thoroughly enjoying your blog. I too am an aspiring blog writer but I’m
    still new to everything. Do you have any helpful hints for rookie blog writers?
    I’d certainly appreciate it.

  17. Definitely consider that which you stated. Your
    favourite reason appeared to be on the net the simplest factor to be aware of.
    I say to you, I certainly get annoyed at the same time as people think about concerns that they
    plainly don’t realize about. You managed to hit the nail upon the top
    as neatly as outlined out the whole thing with no need side
    effect , folks can take a signal. Will probably be
    again to get more. Thanks

  18. Hey I know this is off topic but I was wondering if you knew of any widgets I
    could add to my blog that automatically tweet my newest twitter updates.
    I’ve been looking for a plug-in like this for quite some time
    and was hoping maybe you would have some experience with something like this.
    Please let me know if you run into anything. I truly enjoy
    reading your blog and I look forward to your new
    updates.

  19. constantly i used to read smaller articles which as well clear their motive, and that is also happening with this paragraph which I am
    reading at this place.

  20. I’m impressed, I have to admit. Seldom do I encounter a blog that’s equally educative and entertaining, and without a
    doubt, you’ve hit the nail on the head. The issue is an issue that not enough men and women are speaking intelligently about.
    I am very happy I stumbled across this in my search for something relating to this.

  21. Magnificent goods from you, man. I have understand your
    stuff previous to and you are just extremely wonderful.
    I actually like what you’ve acquired here, really like what
    you’re stating and the way in which you say it. You make it
    enjoyable and you still take care of to keep it smart.
    I can not wait to read much more from you. This is really a terrific site.

Ostavite odgovor

Vaša adresa e-pošte neće biti objavljena. Neophodna polja su označena *